How do you choose subcarrier spacing in OFDM?

How do you choose subcarrier spacing in OFDM?

Choosing the first subcarrier to have a frequency such that it has an integer number of cycles in a symbol period, and setting the spacing between adjacent subcarriers (subcarrier bandwidth) to be BSC = B/L, where B is the nominal bandwidth (equal to data rate), and L is the number of subcarriers, ensures that all …

What is subcarrier frequency?

A subcarrier is a secondary modulated signal frequency modulated into the main frequency (the carrier) to provide an additional channel of transmission. It allows for a single transmission to carry more than one separate signal. The envelope is the carrier frequency.

Does 802.11 a use OFDM?

Introduction to 802.11a OFDM amendment to the original 802.11 standard was ratified in 1999. The 802.11a standard uses the same core protocol as the original standard, operates in 5 GHz. band, and uses a 52-subcarrier orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM.

What do you mean by subcarrier?

Definition of subcarrier : a low-frequency carrier in an electronic system (such as a telemetering system or a multichannel radio system) used to modulate a main carrier and often being itself modulated to carry information.

What is meant by subcarrier signal?

A type of multiplexing, the subcarrier is a modulated carrier signal at a lower frequency that is combined with the main carrier signal running at a higher frequency. Many Uses. Color TV signals were added in a subcarrier to black and white signals in order to maintain backward compatibility with monochrome TV sets.

What is carrier and subcarrier?

There is no physical difference between a carrier and a subcarrier; the “sub” implies that it has been derived from a carrier, which has been amplitude modulated by a steady signal and has a constant frequency relation to it.

What is subcarrier mapping in LTE?

Sub-carrier mapping is one of the major considerations for LTE as multiple mobile terminals i.e. users are assigned by partitioned subcarriers in OFDMA system. In LTE uplink a subsets of subcarriers are used to transmit its own data.

What is the width of a subcarrier in OFDM?

The 802.11n/ac (HT/VHT) OFDM PHY specifies the width of each subcarrier at 312.5 kHz. A 20 MHz channel is comprised of 64 subcarriers with 52 carrying data, 4 pilots, and 8 guard bands (null) as illustrated below.

How many subcarriers are there in an OFDM signal?

A single OFDM symbol contains 52 subcarriers; 48 are data subcarriers and 4 are pilot subcarriers. The center, “DC” or “Null”, zero subcarrier is not used. All data subcarriers use the same modulation format within a given burst.

How many subcarriers are there in a 20 MHz channel?

As shown in Figure 1, a 20 MHz 802.11n/ac channel consists of 64 subcarriers. Fifty-two of the subcarriers are used to carry modulated data; four of the subcarriers function as pilot carriers; and eight of the subcarriers serve as guard bands. OFDM are sometimes also referred to as OFDM tones.

What is the difference between the OFDM symbol time and subcarrier spacing?

In this blog series, we will use both terms interchangeably. Each OFDM subcarrier is 312.5 KHz. 802.11ax introduces a longer OFDM symbol time of 12.8 μs, which is four times longer than the legacy symbol time of 3.2 μs. Subcarrier spacing is equal to the reciprocal of the symbol time.