How many types of crude are there?
Did you know that there are over 160 different types of crude oil traded on the market? West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Crude, OPEC Reference Basket, Dubai Crude, Bonny Light and Urals are just six of many. Luckily, you don’t have to learn the whole list.
Why are there different types of crude oil?
Within the industry, we categorize these different types into four main categories based on three factors: their viscosity, volatility, and toxicity. Viscosity refers to the oils ability to flow. Higher viscosity oils do not flow as easily and therefore take more energy and effort to pump from the ground.
What are the five major components of crude oil?
Crude oil is a mixture of comparatively volatile liquid hydrocarbons (compounds composed mainly of hydrogen and carbon), though it also contains some nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen. Those elements form a large variety of complex molecular structures, some of which cannot be readily identified.
What are the four products of crude oil?
Petroleum, or Motor Gasoline
- Diesel. Diesel is the second most common product made from crude oil, with around 12 US gallons going towards it from every barrel.
- Jet Fuel. Around 10% of the crude oil in a US barrel goes towards jet fuel and powering aeroplanes.
- Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG)
What are three different forms of oil?
For oil spill planners and responders needing more technical information about the characteristics of different oils, please refer to the Oil Fact Sheets page.
- Group 1: Non-Persistent Light Oils (Gasoline, Condensate)
- Group 2: Persistent Light Oils (Diesel, No.
- Group 3: Medium Oils (Most Crude Oils, IFO 180)
What is the best kind of crude oil?
For example, West Texas Intermediate (WTI) is some of the best in the world and certainly the best crude oil produced on a large scale. The difference in crude oil types, meaning the difference in crude oil qualities, means that there is also a difference in the prices of different crude oils.
Are crude oil types classified by geographical source?
However, classification of crude oil types by geographical source is not a useful classification scheme for response personnel. This classification offers little information about general toxicity, physical state, and changes that occur with time and weathering. These characteristics are primary considerations in oil spill response.
What is the composition of crude oil?
Composition of crude oil: 3. Hydrocarbon resources divide into two classes: (1) Naturally occurring hydrocarbons (petroleum, natural gas, and natural waxes) (2) Hydrocarbon sources (oil shale and coal) 4. The hydrocarbons found in petroleum are classified into the following types: (1) Paraffins (2) Cycloparaffins (naphthenes) (3) Aromatics 5.
What are the hydrocarbons present in crude oil?
• The major classes of hydrocarbons in crude oils include: – Paraffins (Alkane family) – Aromatics (Benzene family) – Napthenes or Cycloalkanes – Other hydrocarbons types are the Alkenes • How is crude Oil formed in place? • Petroleum is a fossil fuel derived from ancient fossilized organic materials, such as zooplankton and algae.
What are the classification of petroleum products?
Petroleum (Crude oils) are classified as: (1) Paraffin base – contained more than 5% wax (2) Asphalt base – distillation residue contained less than 2% wax 6.