What are 3 features of a Motte and Bailey castle?
The castle is made up of two parts. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork which would have a stone or wooden keep on top. A keep is a kind fortified tower. The bailey is an enclosed courtyard that was protected by a ditch and a palisade – which is a wall made from wooden stakes.
What does a Motte and Bailey castle look like?
The castles consisted of a wooden wall, perhaps built on an earth bank, encircling an open space or courtyard (bailey) and a natural or artificial hill (motte) which had a wooden tower built in the centre of its flattened top, sometimes surrounded by its own wooden palisade.
How were motte-and-bailey castles designed?
Originally, these castles were constructed from timber and earth alone; they were cheap and easy to build and didn’t require any special design. The fortification consisted of a wooden keep that was placed on a raised earthwork called a motte, overlooking an enclosed courtyard called the bailey.
How do you make a simple Motte and Bailey castle?
Most motte and bailey castles had a circular wall made from sturdy tree trunks called a palisade. The easiest way to replicate this is to stick together rows of small wooden sticks (like popsicle sticks, coffee stirrers, or even dry twigs from outdoors). Tape or glue each piece of the wall in place carefully.
How were Motte and Bailey castles attacked?
Fire was the best way to attack the early Motte and Bailey castles since they were made entirely of wood. The fire might be started by building a bonfire against the outer wooden fence (palisade) or, more usually, by archers shooting fire-arrows into the castle. Fire has little effect on a stone castle.
How long did it take to build Motte and Bailey castles?
The motte and bailey castle at Dover took just eight days to build – according to William of Poitiers who was William’s chaplain.
What are stone keep castles?
What Are Stone Keep Castles? A Stone Keep Castle is a type of castle built in the 11th and 12th Centuries by the Normans who originally came from France. The people who built them and lived in them were typically rich noblemen and their families who wanted to show their power and status.
How do you make a square out of a cardboard castle?
51 second suggested clip2:013:15How To Make A Cardboard Castle – YouTubeYouTube
What are the problems about motte and bailey castles?
Norman castles were often built in locations that were considered of strategic value.
What was the problem with motte and bailey castles?
The motte and bailey castle was a formidable obstacle for any army. The motte was designed with steep sides so it could not be scaled by men on horseback, and would be difficult for those on foot too. Some may have been covered in clay or timber to help protect the mound’s structure and make a surface which was harder to get a foothold upon.
How do you make a motte and bailey castle?
How do you make a Motte and Bailey castle? Most motte and bailey castles had a circular wall made from sturdy tree trunks called a palisade. The easiest way to replicate this is to stick together rows of small wooden sticks (like popsicle sticks, coffee stirrers, or even dry twigs from outdoors).
What are the parts of a motte and bailey castle?
Often,ditches surrounding the motte and bailey would be combined.