What causes Phlyctenular conjunctivitis?

What causes Phlyctenular conjunctivitis?

Phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis is not an infection. It is an immune reaction to bacteria that are on or around the eyes. Some of the bacteria that trigger this disorder are staphylococci, and rarely, tuberculosis, and Chlamydia. This disorder is more common among children.

Which drugs are used in the treatment of Phlyctenular conjunctivitis?

Chlamydia induced phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis should be treated with azithromycin or doxycycline. Patients with positive tuberculin tests should be referred to receive proper systemic treatment of tuberculosis.

How is Phlyctenulosis treated?

Phlyctenulosis is generally responsive to topical steroids. However, risk of rise of intraocular pressure has to be kept in mind. In cases with multiple recurrences, or those which become steroid dependent, topical cyclosporine A is an effective treatment option.

How do you treat Phlyctenules?


  1. Antibacterial. Eyelid hygiene. Ointment to lid margin (i.e. TobraDex) Topical antibiotics initially (i.e. gatifloxacin)
  2. Anti-inflammatory. Topical corticosteroids (i.e. prednisolone 1% q2-q4 hours)
  3. Treat the blepharitis. Eyelid hygiene. Warm compresses. Oral doxycycline (100mg Daily to BID)

How can you tell the difference between conjunctivitis and episcleritis?

Episcleritis, which is an inflammation immediately underlying the conjunctiva, is distinguished from conjunctivitis because its radially oriented vessels do not move with the conjunctiva. Mild pain may be present. Episcleritis is self-limited.

How can you get pink eye or conjunctivitis?

Redness in the white of the eye or inner eyelid

  • Swollen conjunctiva
  • More tears than usual
  • Thick yellow discharge that crusts over the eyelashes,especially after sleep.
  • Green or white discharge from the eye
  • Itchy eyes
  • Burning eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • More sensitive to light
  • Swollen lymph nodes (often from a viral infection)
  • What are the best treatments for allergic conjunctivitis?

    Treatment for allergic conjunctivitis If the irritation is allergic conjunctivitis, your doctor may prescribe one of many different types of eyedrops for people with allergies. These may include medications that help control allergic reactions, such as antihistamines and mast cell stabilizers, or drugs that help control inflammation, such as

    What are the differences between conjunctivitis and pink eye?

    Cold or upper respiratory symptoms. These often accompany viral conjunctivitis.

  • Copious discharge from the eye. Lots of pus or a yellowish discharge could indicate it’s bacterial.
  • Age. The vast majority of pinkeye cases involving adults are viral.
  • Coloration of the white of the eye.
  • What causes conjunctivitis in adults?

    irritant (chemical) conjunctivitis, when your eyes come into contact with something which irritates them (for example, chlorine in swimming pools) Different things can cause the inflammation and swelling in conjunctivitis. Viruses are a common cause of conjunctivitis, especially in adults.