What is groupthink in psychology?

What is groupthink in psychology?

groupthink, mode of thinking in which individual members of small cohesive groups tend to accept a viewpoint or conclusion that represents a perceived group consensus, whether or not the group members believe it to be valid, correct, or optimal.

What are some examples of groupthink in American history?

Examples of groupthink can be found in historic events such as the U.S. Invasion of Iraq, Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba, the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster and the Enron-Arthur Anderson scandal.

What is groupthink in psychology quizlet?

groupthink. the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives.

What is an example of group polarization?

The chaos caused by an angry mob is a clear example of group polarization. Being part of a group can push people into exhibiting violent behavior. Other real-life group polarization examples include mob mentality, acts of terrorism, peer pressure and collective decisions made by a jury.

Is the Salem witch trials an example of groupthink?

Groupthink is most likely to occur when the group is highly cohesive, isolated, stressed, has poor decision-making procedures, and a forceful leader. Nearly all of these factors existed in Salem Village during the winter of 1692, the time leading up to and including the witch trials.

What is groupthink in sociology quizlet?

groupthink. self deceptive thinking that is based on conformity to a group, beliefs,and created by group pressure to conform.

What is a characteristic of groupthink?

Characteristics of Groupthink Denial of vulnerability – group members may not be willing to acknowledge their own fallibility or vulnerability. Rationalization of decisions to minimize objections. Strong peer pressure on all group members, particularly those who question group decisions.

What is an example of social facilitation in everyday life?

Examples of Social Facilitation A musician/actor/performer who becomes energized by having an audience and does a better performance. Finding that you do better work if you go to a library than if you stay at home to study.

What are the best examples of groupthink?

Invulnerability. Members of the group share an illusion of invulnerability that creates excessive optimism and encourages taking abnormal risks.

  • Rationale.
  • Morality.
  • Stereotypes.
  • Pressure.
  • Self-censorship.
  • Illusion of Unanimity.
  • Mind Guards.
  • What is a good current example of the groupthink theory?

    An overly cohesive group.

  • An isolated group.
  • An intimidating leader.
  • No official decision-making procedures in place.
  • Not being thorough when researching and evaluating information.
  • Members experience high stress and low self-esteem.
  • What are the problems with groupthink?

    Groupthink can cause problems such as: bad decisions. exclusion of outsiders/dissenters. lack of creativity. blindness to potential problems. resistance to new ideas. excessive deference to authority. believing only the facts that support existing opinions.

    What are the most dangerous aspects of groupthink?

    Groupthink is dangerous to our objectivity. It prevents us from thinking for ourselves and making the best decisions. Designers need to be cautious about falling into the bandwagon bias trap but also be aware of how it can be exploited in their designs to improve user experiences and get users to make the decisions the designer wants them to make.. We, human beings, are social creatures.