What is the most neglected tropical disease?
The 7 most notable NTDs include 3 helminth infections (ascariasis, hookworm, trichuriasis), schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, and trachoma. Although mortality is relatively low, morbidity and the public health burden of NTDs are extremely high.
Why are neglected tropical disease important?
Affecting the world’s poorest people, NTDs impair physical and cognitive development, contribute to mother and child illness and death, make it difficult to farm or earn a living, and limit productivity in the workplace. As a result, NTDs trap the poor in a cycle of poverty and disease.
Why are the tropical diseases prevalent in the tropics?
Some tropical diseases began to spread into temperate climates as a result of increased human travel and climate-driven migration of vectors. The impact of a large number of tropical diseases was influenced by factors such as poverty, lack of clean water, and lack of medical care.
What are the neglected diseases in the Philippines?
In the Philippines these includes: leprosy, rabies, schistosomiasis, filariasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, and food and water-borne diseases.
How can neglected tropical diseases be prevented?
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are largely preventable, even without vaccines. Clean water, sanitary food handling, and good hygiene can prevent diseases such as guinea-worm disease, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, and trachoma.
How does neglected tropical diseases spread?
Other NTDs are transmitted through consumption of water or food that harbors parasites. Guinea-worm disease, fascioliasis, and schistosomiasis are examples of NTDs that infect people through contaminated water or food. Most NTDs are not transmitted from person to person, although there are exceptions.
What are the neglected tropical diseases NTDs in the Philippines?
In the Philippines, ten NTDs are prevalent, but only six namely LF, schistosomiasis, STH, food-borne trematodiases, rabies and leprosy are considered to be of public health importance. The 81 provinces in the country are endemic for at least one of these NTDs.