What is the origin of black gram?

What is the origin of black gram?

Black gram originated in South Asia, where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and is one of the most highly prized pulses of India. It is very widely used in Indian cuisine.

Is black gram the same as black beans?

The Black Gram (Vigna mungo) is a small legume related to the cowpea and mung bean. Black Gram originated in ancient India, where it is still a staple component of the diet and is interchangeably called “urad dal.” The legume can be split and peeled, which exposes its creamy white interior.

What is the meaning of Vigna mungo?

Vigna mungo, black gram, urad bean, minapa pappu, mungo bean or black matpe bean (māṣa) is a bean grown in the Indian subcontinent. Like its relative, the mung bean, it has been reclassified from the Phaseolus to the Vigna genus. It should not to be confused with the much smaller true black lentil (Lens culinaris).

How do you grow Vigna mungo?

It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 – 35°c, but can tolerate 8 – 40°c[418 ]. The plant does not tolerate frost. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 650 – 900mm, but tolerates 530 – 2,430mm[418 ].

What is urad called in English?

04/11Urad dal English name: Black lentils, Black gram.

Is urad dal a pulse?

Urad also know commonly as Black Gram originated in India, where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and it is one of the highly prized pulses of India. These tiny split white grains are also known as Urad dal in India. Often called white gram, these creamy white lentils are used in purees and soups.

Is green gram a pulse?

Green gram alternatively known as moong dal/mung dal is a native to the Indian subcontinent that happens to be the offshoot of the Vigna Radiata. Moong dal is a type of pulse that is edible in nature of the legume family. Likewise, all other pulses, moong is also nutritionally balanced.

What is black pulse?

Description. Black lentils are very small and are sometimes called beluga lentils for their resemblance to beluga caviar. They are a versatile pulse, and can be used in many different dishes. 3.5 mm.

What is the difference between green gram and Vigna mungo?

Vigna mungo resembles green gram ( Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) with two main differences: the corolla of Vigna mungo is bright yellow while that of Vigna radiata is pale yellow; black gram pods are erect whereas they are pendulous for green gram.

What is the potential of Chuni and Vigna mungo?

Chuni is a potential feed resource and large quantities are available in India and other Southern Asian countries where black gram is a popular food ( Reddy et al., 2000 ). Vigna mungo is also grown for forage and hay ( Göhl, 1982 ). Its crop residues are an important feed for livestock in some regions of India ( Sandeep Saran et al., 2000 ).

How many seeds are in a vigna mungo pod?

The pod is hairy and has a short hooked beak. It contains 4-10 ellipsoid black or mottled seeds ( Ecocrop, 2011; Jansen, 2006 ). Many Vigna mungo cultivars exist, each one adapted to specific environmental conditions. Early maturing, disease resistant and easily cultivated cultivars have been obtained ( Jansen, 2006 ).

Is intercropping Vigna mungo with rice effective for weed control?

In Vietnam, intercropping Vigna mungo with rice deprives weeds from residual water and thus provides an effective weed control (including against weedy rice) ( Ferrero, 2005 ). Fresh Vigna mungo forage is rich in protein (18-19% DM) and fibre (crude fibre 25-27% DM; NDF 45% DM) ( Göhl, 1982; Saha et al., 1981 ).