How many genes are in a tomato genome?

How many genes are in a tomato genome?

31,760 genes
The tomato, whose genome has just now been decoded, turns out to be one well-endowed vegetable, possessing 31,760 genes.

Do tomatoes have more genes than humans?

Plant geneticists from 14 different countries spent the last nine years mapping the genetic makeup of the tomato, and have discovered that the tomato contains 31,760 genes – that’s 7,000 more genes than a human being! (The two plants share 92 percent of their DNA.)

What is the chromosome number of brinjal?

Cytological studies have indicated that basic chromosomal number 2n = 24 is same in almost all the varieties and species. There are 3 main botanical varieties under the species melongena (Choudhury, 1976a). The common brinjal, to which large, round or egg- shaped fruited forms belong, are grouped under var. esculentum.

Why does tomato have so many genes?

Part of the reason for this is most likely due to the fact that the lineage has “experienced two consecutive genome triplications” (from The tomato genome sequence provides insights into fleshy fruit evolution ).

How much DNA do we share with a tomato?

For example, people and tomatoes share as much as 60 percent of the same genes.

Why do tomatoes have so much DNA?

How many genes are there in brinjal?

We obtained a chromosome-anchored genome assembly of eggplant (Solanum melongena), containing 34,916 genes, confirming that the diploid gene number in the Solanaceae is around 35,000. Comparative genomic studies with tomato (S.

What is the taxonomic category of brinjal?

Eggplants are globally cultivated as warm-season annuals and (sub)tropical perennials….Organism (ORGA)

Kingdom Plantae
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae
Genus Solanum