What are the 5 different ways of securing cargoes?

What are the 5 different ways of securing cargoes?

Securing of cargo can be made by any or in a combination of the following methods:

  • Blocking. Examples of blocking: front wall, wedges, dunnage bags, chocks and beams.
  • Lashings. Examples of lashings are web lashings, loadbinders with chain and fixed winches.
  • Locking.

What is the fundamental objective of cargo stowage?

Stowage should aim at distributing the cargo for any particular load or discharge port equally in every hold, such that all the cargo handling equipment is employed to full capacity throughout loading and discharging operations.

What part in stowage planning is of primary importance?

An efficient stowage planning is one of the most important factors in saving the transportation cost of shipping companies. One vessel may visit several container ports during a voyage, and containers are loaded onto the vessel from some upstream ports and later unloaded from the vessel at downstream ports.

What is lashing and choking?

Cargo choking is done using heavy wooden blocks or logs in different sizes and weight to give support to the base of the goods. Both lashing and choking are done to reduce and nullify the damage done to the goods in the container. It is a crucially important step before any transportation is performed.

How do you perform blocking of cargoes?

Methods of blocking include using metal or wooden wedges to keep a container in place, adding an extra layer of wood or cushions that act as an extra wall or cover inside a container.

What is the difference between stowage and storage?

Storage is the act of placing material or ammunition and other supplies onboard the vessel. Stowage relates to the act of securing those items stored in such a manner that they do not shift or move during at-sea periods, using methods and equipment as approved by higher authority. See also storage; stowage.

What is the purpose of stowage plan?

Stowage plan for container ships or bay plan is the plan and method by which different types of container vessels are loaded with containers of specific standard sizes. The plans are used to maximize the economy of shipping and safety on board.

What is bilge and cantline stowage?

The term bilge and cantlinerefers to a loading method in which packages are stowed or fitted into indentations produced by the round or rounded shape of other packages. Genuine bilge and cantline stowage “on the quarter” is produced when stowing wooden barrels.

What can be stowed in the bilge?

Other goods can also be stowed using the bilge and cantlinemethod, e.g. bagged cargo, more robust paperboard cartons etc. Using this stowage method, the seams or edges in all layers will lie in parallel. The packages of the vertical tiers are connected to each other, but not to the packages of adjacent tiers.

What is bilge and cantline method?

Pipes stowed using the bilge and cantline method If sensitive cylindrical cargo is stowed using the bilge and cantline method, the load forces are transferred over two load-bearing lines onto the cylinders stowed below. The cylinders in the bottom layer only rest on one load-bearing line.

What is the stowage method?

This stowage method is suitable for all means of transport having load-bearing side walls or with low lateral stresses, e.g. in rail transport. If the walls of a cargo container are not sufficiently strong, the cargo items must be stowed as a cross-tie, interconnected with anchors or secured using other special measures.