What do you mean by volcanic caldera?
A caldera is a large depression formed when a volcano erupts and collapses. During a volcanic eruption, magma present in the magma chamber underneath the volcano is expelled, often forcefully. Some calderas form a lake as the bowl-shaped depression fills with water. A famous example is Crater Lake, in Oregon.
What is the largest caldera in the world?
The Apolaki Caldera is a volcanic crater with a diameter of 150 kilometers (93 mi), making it the world’s largest caldera. It is located within the Benham Rise (Philippine Rise) and was discovered in 2019 by Jenny Anne Barretto, a Filipina marine geophysicist and her team….Apolaki Caldera.
|Mountain type||Volcanic caldera|
What are volcanic craters called?
A volcanic crater is a circular depression in the ground caused by volcanic activity. This dropped surface crater is called a caldera.
What type of volcano is the Yellowstone Caldera?
|Age of rock||2,100,000–70,000 years|
|Mountain type||Caldera and supervolcano|
|Volcanic field||Yellowstone Plateau|
|Last eruption||approximately 640,000 years ago (caldera-forming); 70,000 years ago (in the caldera)|
How did Yellowstone Caldera form?
The Yellowstone caldera was created by a massive volcanic eruption approximately 631,000 years ago. Later lava flows filled in much of the caldera, now it is 30 x 45 miles.
Can calderas still erupt?
Unlike Mount Mazama, the Deception volcano is still active. The Deception volcano experienced a violent eruption roughly 10,000 years ago that caused its summit to collapse and flood with seawater, forming a caldera about 7 kilometers (4.4 miles) wide.
Is Yellowstone Caldera a shield volcano?
The Yellowstone Caldera, sometimes referred to as the Yellowstone Supervolcano, is a volcanic caldera and supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park in the Western United States. The caldera and most of the park are located in the northwest corner of Wyoming.