What does Ren mean in Confucianism?
Ren, (Chinese: “humanity,” “humaneness,” “goodness,” “benevolence,” or “love”) Wade-Giles romanization jen, the foundational virtue of Confucianism. It characterizes the bearing and behaviour that a paradigmatic human being exhibits in order to promote a flourishing human community.
How did Voltaire contribute to the French Revolution?
Voltaire launched a crusade against superstition and attacked traditional beliefs. He wrote many essays, poems and dramas creating awareness among the masses. He advocated the supremacy of reason. He stood for religious toleration
Who is a French historian who said Gratitude is a habit of the heart?
Tocqueville notes that the “habits of the heart” that allow Americans to resist democratic dangers do not eradicate these dangers. American religion is a prime example.
What does Gratitude is the memory of the heart mean?
The quotation “Gratitude is the memory of the heart” means that we must be thankful not only by remembering a goodness in our minds but keeping the virtue of gratefulness in our hearts
Why was the threat of a tyrannical majority greater in America than elsewhere what underlying assumptions does Tocqueville make about the power of the majority?
Why was the threat of a tyrannical majority greater in America than elsewhere? What underlying assumptions does Tocqueville make about the power of the majority? Americans thought they could rule. Tocqueville makes the assumption that they could take over their followers.
Which of the following represent Confucius views on education?
Confucius believed in the equality and educability of all people. He viewed education as a means of transformation, the discovery of human nature, and the cultivation of character. Of all the Confucian virtues, Confucius and his followers regarded jen as the most important quality of a moral person.
What is the root of Ren?
Ren (Chinese: 仁, meaning “humanity” or “humaneness”) is the Confucian virtue denoting the good quality of a virtuous human when being altruistic. It is considered the outward expression of Confucian ideals.
How does de Tocqueville define democracy?
Tocqueville is easy to read in one sense because he clearly states what he is writing about and why. He defines a condition called “democracy” or “equality of conditions.” He explains the problems that might emerge from this social condition and suggests ways for solving these problems.
What did Confucianism influence?
Learn the Confucianism in China His ideas–today known as Confucianism– have influenced China for thousands of years and have been incorporated into Chinese culture. They teach people the wisdom of life, family and governance. The idea of mediocrity is important in Confucianism.
Who is Alexis de Tocqueville quizlet?
He was a french sociologist and political theorist that traveled to the United States in 1831 to study its prisons and returned with a wealth of broader observations that he codified in “Democracy of America” (1835) which was one of the most influential books of the 19th century.
Which of the following is a value Alexis de Tocqueville saw as essentially American?
Who was Alexis de Tocqueville and what did he do?
He is best known for his works Democracy in America (appearing in two volumes, 1835 and 1840) and The Old Regime and the Revolution (1856). In both, he analysed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies.
Why did Alexis de Tocqueville express certain reservations about majority rule?
It was first and foremost for such people that Tocqueville wrote the book. He hoped that by showing them in detail what democracy was they would be able better to guide France’s own transition to democracy. In so doing, however, he gave the world its richest, most various, and deepest reflection on democracy.
Why does Tocqueville believe that the farther electoral rights are extended the more is felt the need of extending them?
He believed that the farther electoral rights were extended, greater was the need of extending them. Tocqueville justified that by saying that the strength of democracy increases after each concession and after each concession the demands increase, as well
What are the 5 Confucian virtues?
Finally, the five constant virtues of Confucianism are “ren” (benevolence), “yi” (righteousness), “li” (propriety), “zhi” (wisdom), and “xin” (trustworthiness)
What are particular Confucian values?
Answer. Answer: Confucianism particularly values tranquility and social cohesion. When people in China try to disrupt the social order, pick a quarrel, disrupt traffic, draw attention to their grievance, the legal framework allows these miscreants to be quickly dealt with
Does Alexis de Tocqueville’s argument about the tyranny of the majority reflect American democracy today quizlet?
Does Alexis de Tocqueville’s argument about the tyranny of the majority reflect American democracy today? The majority outweighs the minority and individual rights of people. Whatever the majority wants is what they get. If an individual is wronged there is no one to go to if everyone supports the majority.
How does Tocqueville’s conception of individualism differ from selfishness?
What distinction does Tocqueville draw between individualism and egoisme (egoism, or selfishness)? Selfishness is a passionate and exaggerated love of self. Individualism only take away public life and eventually destroys and attacks others. Selfishness and individual are not the same thing.