# What is a boson in physics?

## What is a boson in physics?

In particle physics, a boson (/ˈboʊzɒn/ /ˈboʊsɒn/) is a subatomic particle whose spin quantum number has an integer value (0,1,2 …). Some elementary bosons (for example, gluons) act as force carriers, which give rise to forces between other particles, while one (the Higgs boson) gives rise to the phenomenon of mass.

## What are three differences between fermion and bosons?

A fermion is any particle that has an odd half-integer (like 1/2, 3/2, and so forth) spin. Quarks and leptons, as well as most composite particles, like protons and neutrons, are fermions. Bosons are those particles which have an integer spin (0, 1, 2…). All the force carrier particles are bosons.

What do you mean by fermions?

In particle physics, a fermion is a particle that follows Fermi–Dirac statistics and generally has half odd integer spin: spin 1/2, spin 3/2, etc. Fermions include all quarks and leptons, as well as all composite particles made of an odd number of these, such as all baryons and many atoms and nuclei.

What are bosons and fermions in physics?

Particles with a symmetric wave function are called Bosons; those with an anti symmetric wave function are called Fermions.

### What are the types of bosons?

γ Photon

• g Gluons (eight types)
• Z Neutral weak boson
• W± = Weakly charged bosons (two types)
• Graviton
• ### What are some examples of bosons?

W Boson. – One of the two gauge bosons involved in mediating the weak nuclear force.

• Z Boson. – One of the two gauge bosons involved in mediating the weak nuclear force.
• Bosonic Superpartners. – Under the theory of supersymmetry,every fermion would have a so-far-undetected bosonic counterpart.
• What are fermions made of?

Fermions include all quarks and leptons, as well as all composite particles made of an odd number of these, such as all baryons and many atoms and nuclei. Fermions differ from bosons. Some fermions are elementary particles, such as the electrons, and some are composite particles, such as the protons.

Are quarks fermions?

The electrons belong to the class of elementary particles called leptons. The leptons and quarks together constitute the class called fermions. According to the Standard Model all mass consists of fermions.