What is ethnocentric view?
Ethnocentrism is the term anthropologists use to describe the opinion that one’s own way of life is natural or correct. Some would simply call it cultural ignorance. Ethnocentrism means that one may see his/her own culture as the correct way of living.
What do anthropologists mean when they refer to the concept of integration in regards to cultures?
What do anthropologists mean when they refer to the concept of “integration” in regards to cultures? All aspects of a culture are interrelated. Understanding any cultural trait requires knowing how it impacts and is in turn impacted by others. Likewise, human biological traits do not function in isolation.
What is the unique feature of anthropology?
These include its: cross-cultural or comparative emphasis, its evolutionary/historical emphasis, its ecological emphasis and its holistic emphasis. 1. A cross-cultural or comparative approach is central to anthropological understanding. This emphasis also makes anthropology unique among the social sciences.
What are the distinguishing characteristics of Boasian anthropology?
Boasian anthropology changed the idea of culture, as a whole, from what a person, “ate, drank, religious views and their music tastes,” to the complete “mental and physical reactions and activities that characterize the individuals of a social group.”Boasian anthropology is known to divide the anthropology discipline …
What are the traditional areas of focus within cultural anthropology?
1. What are the traditional areas of focus within cultural anthropology? A. cultural prehistory and applied anthropology.
What is meant by the holistic approach in anthropology?
Holism is the perspective on the human condition that assumes that mind, body, individuals, society, and the environment interpenetrate, and even define one another. In anthropology holism tries to integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities.
What can anthropologists learn by comparing different cultures?
4. What can anthropologists learn by comparing different cultures? Anthropologists can learn how different cultures are similar, and ways to resolve problems caused by their differences.
What is the Diffusionist theory?
Diffusionism: This school of thought proposed that civilization spread from one culture to another, because humans are basically conservative and lack inventiveness (Winthrop 1991:83). An extreme example of this theory was the idea proposed by English scholar Grafton Elliot Smith.
Who did Franz Boas teach?
A reconciliation was effected in 1929, when Boas was honored at the University’s 175th-anniversary ceremonies. While at Columbia, he taught and inspired a generation of anthropologists, notably Alfred Kroeber, Ruth Benedict, Margaret Mead, and Zora Neale Hurston. Columbia awarded Boas an honorary degree in 1929.
How do we make a strange concept familiar?
Making the Familiar Strange: An Ingredient for Creative Genius
- Think critically by moving beyond common-sense understandings of our social world.
- Never, ever, assume anything.
- Are prepared to be wrong.
- Make no value judgements!
- Ask questions, and then ask more questions, and then ask questions of our questions.
Is anthropology a BA or BS?
Anthropology undergraduates earn either a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Anthropology. The difference between the two degrees lies in how they are structured.
How is culture viewed by the anthropologist?
Cultural anthropologists study how people who share a common cultural system organize and shape the physical and social world around them, and are in turn shaped by those ideas, behaviors, and physical environments. Cultural anthropology is hallmarked by the concept of culture itself.
Does anthropology involve math?
Mathematical anthropology, studying the history of and psychological or cultural processes involving in teaching, learning, and performing mathematics. Many forms of Biological anthropology, for instance, molecular anthropology, which involve a similar amount of algebra and general bookkeeping as any sort of lab work.
What can I expect from an anthropology class?
In the anthropology major, students learn about human difference in all its biological, historical, cultural and linguistic complications. Students will learn to suspend judgment, seek evidence, understand change, compare and contrast information, and learn how to make connections and think outside the box.
What is a degree in anthropology good for?
But graduates with an anthropology degree are well-suited for a career in any number of fields, including: education, health care, museum curation, social work, international development, government, organizational psychology, non-profit management, marketing, publishing, and forensics.
Which of the following is a characteristic of anthropology?
Which of the following is a characteristic of anthropology? It is concerned with both human biology and culture. It is concerned with human variation, evolution, and adaptation. It focuses only on prehistoric societies.
What is Boas basic premise?
Boas believed that there were universal laws that could be derived from the comparative study of cultures; however, he thought that the ethnographic database was not yet robust enough for us to identify those laws. For example, Frantz Boas saw each individual as the basic component of a society.
Why is Franz Boas important?
Franz Boas is regarded as both the “father of modern anthropology” and the “father of American anthropology.” He was the first to apply the scientific method to anthropology, emphasizing a research- first method of generating theories.