What is the meaning of second language acquisition?

What is the meaning of second language acquisition?

What is second language acquisition? Second language acquisition, or sequential language acquisition, is learning a second language after a first language is already established. Many times this happens when a child who speaks a language other than English goes to school for the first time.

What is Krashen theory of second language acquisition?

Acquisition requires meaningful interaction in the target language – natural communication – in which speakers are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with the messages they are conveying and understanding. …

What are the similarities between first and second language acquisition?


  • In both first and second language acquisition, universal grammar may influence learning.
  • In both first and second language acquisition, there are predictable stages, and particular structures are acquired in a set order.
  • In both first and second language acquisition, making errors is a part of learning.

What is acquisition and learning?

Acquisition involves the subconscious acceptance of knowledge where information is stored in the brain through the use of communication. Opposingly, learning is the conscious acceptance of knowledge ‘about’ a language, such as the grammar or style.

How does age affect language?

Because one should not forget that linguistic attitudes change with age, although they are driven by the shifting concept of prestige. The evolution is clear: the older the individual, the more linguistically conservative, and the more sensitive to the norm; the younger, the more receptive to innovation.

Can we have two mother tongues?

Sometimes, the term “mother tongue” or “mother language”(or “father tongue” / “father language”) is used for the language that a person learned as a child (usually from their parents). Children growing up in bilingual homes can, according to this definition, have more than one mother tongue or native language.

What is acquisition in mother tongue?

Language acquisition is the process whereby children learn their native language. It consists of abstracting structural information from the language they hear around them and internalising this information for later use.

What is the difference between mother tongue and second language?

A first language is the mother tongue or native language of a person while a second language is a language a person learns in order to communicate with the native speaker of that language. On the other hand, a second language is always fixed by the person. There are many alternatives to a second language.

What are the theories of language learning?

7 Great Theories About Language Learning by Brilliant Thinkers

  • Plato’s Problem.
  • Cartesian Linguistics, by Descartes.
  • Locke’s Tabula Rasa.
  • Skinner’s Theory of Behaviorism.
  • Chomsky’s Universal Grammar.
  • Schumann’s Acculturation Model.
  • Krashen’s Monitor Model.

What are the steps of language acquisition?

There are four main stages of normal language acquisition: The babbling stage, the Holophrastic or one-word stage, the two-word stage and the Telegraphic stage.

What is Stage 3 in language acquisition?

Stage 3. Building sentences is done effortlessly. We call this the Epiphany point (E point). After the E point language learning continues without so much effort on the learner’s part.

What is the best age for second language acquisition?

They concluded that the ability to learn a new language, at least grammatically, is strongest until the age of 18 after which there is a precipitous decline. To become completely fluent, however, learning should start before the age of 10.

How does Mother Tongue affect second language acquisition?

Because cues that signal the beginning and ending of words can differ from language to language, a person’s native language can provide misleading information when learning to segment a second language into words. …

What is first and second language acquisition?

The main difference between first language and second language acquisition is that first language acquisition is a child learning his native language, whereas second language acquisition is learning a language besides his native language. All humans have the ability to acquire a language.

How does age affect second language acquisition?

Beyond this time a language is more difficult to acquire. According to Lenneberg, bilingual language acquisition can only happen during the critical period (age 2 to puberty). This loss of the brain´s plasticity explains why adults may need more time and effort compared to children in second language learning.

What are the theories of first language acquisition?

Behaviorist theory, founded by J.B. Watson, is in fact a theory of first language acquisition, advanced partly as a reaction to traditional grammar. The main tenet of this theory relates to the analyses of human behavior in terms of observable stimulus-response interaction and the association.