What is urban growth boundary in Oregon?
Urban Growth Boundaries Each Oregon city is surrounded by an urban growth boundary (UGB); a line drawn on planning maps to designate where a city expects to grow over a 20-year period. This growth can occur with new houses, industrial facilities, businesses, or public facilities such as parks and utilities.
What cities have an urban growth boundary?
Three urban growth boundaries — in Portland, Oregon; King County, Washington; and Denver, Colorado — were examined in a session at the American Planning Association (APA) conference in Seattle. A few interesting points came out of the discussion: growth boundaries are flexible and constantly being renegotiated.
What was the impact of Portland Oregon’s urban growth boundary?
In addition, Oregon designated rural residential zones with 3–5 acre minimum lot sizes outside the UGB. The boundaries of the UGB are designed to change over time. The boundary of Portland’s UGB has changed about three dozen times as the metropolitan population has increased by 700 000 people since 1979.
What states have urban growth boundary?
The U.S. states of Oregon, Washington and Tennessee require cities to establish urban growth boundaries. Oregon restricts the development of farm and forest land.
Are cities in Oregon required to have an urban growth boundary?
Each urban area in Oregon is required to define an Urban Growth Boundary (UGB). Housing tracts, shopping malls, and other kinds of urban development are not allowed to sprawl past that boundary, while agricultural lands and open space outside a UGB are preserved.
How did Portland deal with urban growth?
The Portland area urban growth boundary When Metro was created by voters in 1978, it inherited the boundary planning effort. In 1980, the Land Conservation and Development Commission approved the region’s initial urban growth boundary as consistent with statewide planning goals.
Why is urban growth boundary?
The urban growth boundary is a proven and critical tool for doing so. Urban Growth Boundaries accomplish two goals: Safeguarding greenbelts from sprawl development. Encouraging climate-smart growth which creates more mixed-use, walkable, affordable, and thriving neighborhoods within urban limits.
What did Portland do to prevent urban sprawl?
In Portland, an urban growth boundary was established around the city, outside of which, urban development could not occur. It was an attempt to stop sprawl and allow farming to continue right outside the city.
What is the urban growth boundary in Portland?
What’s the urban growth boundary? It’s where the city ends and the farms and forests begin. Every Oregon city has one. But the 24 cities in the Portland region share one common UGB, managed by the regional government, Metro.
Why did Oregon place growth boundaries?
The boundary is one of the tools to protect farms and forests from urban sprawl and promote the efficient use of land, public facilities and services inside the boundary. Oregon Governor Tom McCall (1967-1975) convinced the Oregon Legislature in 1973 to adopt the nation’s first set of statewide land use planning laws.
What is the purpose of an urban growth boundary?
An urban growth boundary is a line drawn between urban and rural lands defining the limits to which the urban area will grow. Within the urban growth boundary the local government will support new development at urban densities.