What plant does black pepper come from?

What plant does black pepper come from?

Piper nigrum
black pepper, (Piper nigrum), also called pepper, perennial climbing vine of the family Piperaceae and the hotly pungent spice made from its fruits. Black pepper is native to the Malabar Coast of India and is one of the earliest spices known.

Can you grow black pepper in the US?

Yes, growing black pepper is possible and here’s a little more black pepper information which will make it even more worthy beyond saving a couple of dollars. Piper nigrum, or peppercorn plant, is a tropical plant cultivated for its black, white, and red peppercorns.

What is the English name of black pepper?

Piper nigrum L
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning….

Black pepper
Species: P. nigrum
Binomial name
Piper nigrum L.

How long does it take for a black pepper plant to bear fruit?

Peppercorn is a slow-growing, woody perennial flowering vine that takes about four years to reach blooming and fruiting size. Plants reach their peak at seven years and can remain productive in fruiting for up to 20 years. It should only be grown outside in tropical zones (or in temperature controlled greenhouses).

What makes black pepper spicy?

Black pepper contains between 2-4% essential oils and the compound “piperine” is responsible for its characteristic spicy heat.

Is black pepper easy to grow?

Black pepper vines are relatively easy to grow and can produce fruit that you can turn into peppercorns. Whether you hope to grow a black pepper vine for its shapely leaves or spicy fruit, this bright green vine is a fast grower and beautiful addition to any windowsill garden, patio pot or outdoor landscape.

How long does black pepper plant last?

It is a perennial plant which can live for over 30 years, with a commercial lifespan of 12–20 years. Black pepper may also be referred to as pepper or Madagascar pepper and is native to South and Southeast Asia.

Is black pepper made from wood?

The peppercorns that we all know so well as “black pepper” actually come from a flowering vine in the Piperaceae family of plants. These leafy, green plants grow their fruits on tendrils, which are each made up of a skin, fruit and a large seed.

Does black pepper grow on trees?

Pepper is the most common spice in the world. Piper nigrum, the black pepper plant, grows as a vine and may attach itself to nearby trees for support.

How do you grow a black pepper plant?

Location. While planting pepper plant always remember to choose a location that remains humid and temperature mostly be maintained constantly around 75 to 85 Fahrenheit (24-30 C).

  • Soil. Black Pepper plants do best in fertile and medium clayey soil that retain slight moisture.
  • Sun. Put the plant in shade,as direct sunlight can damage the plant.
  • Watering.
  • How to grow your own black pepper plants at home?

    Pepper Varieties. What you know as ‘pepper ‘are plants in the genus capsicum.

  • Caring for your Peppers. Peppers thrive well in the sun.
  • Fertilizing your Pepper. The frequency of fertilizing your plants will vary depending on the fertilizer to use and the stage of growth.
  • Pinching.
  • Supporting Peppers.
  • Harvesting Peppers.
  • What does the black pepper plant look like?

    The black pepper plant is a woody climber and may reach heights of 10 metres (33 feet) by means of its aerial roots. Its broad shiny green leaves are alternately arranged. The small flowers are in dense slender spikes of about 50 blossoms each. The fruits, which are sometimes called peppercorns, are drupes about 5 mm (0.2 inch) in diameter.

    Where Does Black Pepper Come From? Black Pepper comes from a flowering vine called Piper Nigrum in the family of Piperaceae. The green, wide-leaf vine is native to India but is now grown in most tropical regions. Vietnam is the largest producer and exporter, totaling around 35% of the world’s supply, followed by India, Indonesia, and Brazil.