What was the Hellenistic age characterized by?
The Hellenistic Age was characterized by “advancements in science and culture in the final era of ancient Greece.” This is considered to be one of the most spectacular ages in Greek history for its sweeping improvements in the arts and sciences.
How did Alexander the Great and his successors spread Greek culture through the Hellenistic world?
How did Alexander and his successors spread Greek culture through the Hellenistic world? By establishing cities settled by Greek traders, merchants, and soldiers. By building Greek buildings and temples to Greek gods and goddesses. By intermarrying with conquered people.
Who spread Hellenistic culture?
What were the main effects of the Persian and Peloponnesian wars?
This war causes devastation to Greek city-states. Greeks become weak, people die in battle, and farms are destroyed. 30 years of rebellion and fighting. Eventually Macedonia takes over all of Greece.
What was the most important effect of the second Persian War?
Besides the defeat of Persia, what was the most important effect of the Second Persian War? wealth and superiority.
What was one result of the Persian wars?
Silver mining contributed to the funding of a massive Greek army that was able to rebuke Persian assaults and eventually defeat the Persians entirely. The end of the Persian Wars led to the rise of Athens as the leader of the Delian League.
What 4 cultures make up Hellenism?
Greek (also known as Hellenic) culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influ- ences. This blending became known as Hellenistic culture.
What was the most important effect of the Peloponnesian War?
The most important effect of the Peloponnesian War was the fact that other nations saw Greece’s lack of unification as weak. The Peloponnesian War was the armed conflict between Sparta its allies and Athens and its allies to gain control over Athens.
What is Hellenism and how did it spread?
Hellenization (other British spelling Hellenisation) or Hellenism is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion, and, to a lesser extent, language over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of …
Why did the Athenians lose the Peloponnesian War?
In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.
What was one cultural contribution made by the ancient Greeks?
Literature and theatre was an important aspect of Greek culture and influenced modern drama. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture. Greek culture influenced the Roman Empire and many other civilizations, and it continues to influence modern cultures today.
What are the beliefs of Hellenism?
Hellenic polytheists worship the ancient Greek Gods, or the Hellenic pantheon, including the Olympians, nature divinities, underworld deities (chthonic gods) and heroes. Both physical and spiritual ancestors are greatly honored. The gods exhibit both universal and local qualities.
When did Persia invade Greece?
492 BC – 490 BC
What made Hellenistic culture unique?
What made Hellenistic culture unique? Because it was a blend of different groups of cultures. Alexander conquered these cultures and this was important because of all the cultures blended in with this culture.
Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece?
Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece? Persia had fewer soldiers than Greece to fight its battles. Persia’s leadership did not match the well-trained Greeks’ leadership. Athens and Sparta were unbeatable when the two were united.
What was one contribution made by Eratos?
Eratosthenes is also known for his achievement in astronomy. Several astronomers and mathematicians before and after Eratosthenes tried to accurately measure the circumference of the Earth, but is was Eratosthenes that came through. He found the circumference of the Earth to be nearly 250,000 stadia (25,000 miles).
How did Alexander the Great spread Greek culture?
How did Alexander the Great expand his empire and spread Greek culture throughout the realm? Alexander inherited Greece, conquered parts of Asia and North Africa, and founded numerous cities in which Greeks settled. He encouraged assimilation. In time, the cultures blended, creating a new Hellenistic culture.
How did Hellenistic culture spread?
First the Greeks (and others) spread their culture around the Mediterranean, then Alexander and the Hellenistic kingdoms spread trade and culture eastward to India, north into Central Asia, and south into Africa. They established a firm connection of trade and exchange with India and central Asia that was never broken.
Did Persia successfully invade Greece?
In 480 BC, Xerxes personally led the second Persian invasion of Greece with one of the largest ancient armies ever assembled. Victory over the allied Greek states at the famous Battle of Thermopylae allowed the Persians to torch an evacuated Athens and overrun most of Greece.
What led to the start of the Persian wars?
The Persian wars against Greece were caused because the Darius, the Persian king, wanted to expand their empire. The wars took place in the early 5th century B.C. but the first attack was around 490 B.C. but the Persians lost. The wars also led to the unity between the Greeks.
What are the major characteristics of Hellenistic culture?
The characteristics of the Hellenistic period include the division of Alexander’s empire, the spread of Greek culture and language, and the flourishing of the arts, science and philosophy.
What did Eratosthenes calculate?
Eratosthenes’ most famous accomplishment is his measurement of the circumference of Earth. Eratosthenes then measured the angle of a shadow cast by a stick at noon on the summer solstice in Alexandria, and found it made an angle of about 7.2 degrees, or about 1/50 of a complete circle.
What was an important result of a the Greco Persian Wars?
What was an important result of the Persian wars? It preserved the Greek’s independence and made sure that Persia did not conquer all of Europe. What were the Greeks able to use to win the Battle of Salamis? The Greeks used fast ships to ram into the Persian ships.
How did the Seven Wonders reflect Hellenistic culture?
How did the Seven Wonders reflect Hellenistic culture? The Hellenistic period saw a growth and spread of Greek culture and ideas. Science, mathematics, and the arts flourished. All of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World required extensive knowledge of math and science to engineer and build.
Why did Persia attack Greece?
The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. These cities had supported the cities of Ionia during their revolt against Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius.
What did it mean that Athena was the patron goddess of Athens quizlet?
What did it mean that Athena was the patron goddess of Athens? she was the protector of the city of Athens. Athens focused on citizenship, while Sparta focused on the military.
Why was Hellenistic culture important?
During the Hellenistic period, Greek cultural influence and power reached the peak of its geographical expansion, being dominant in the Mediterranean world and most of West and Central Asia, even in parts of the Indian subcontinent, experiencing prosperity and progress in the arts, exploration, literature, theatre.
What did the Hellenistic Age contribute to science and technology?
Hellenistic culture produced seats of learning in Alexandria, Egypt and Antioch, Syria, along with Greek-speaking populations across several monarchies. Especially important to Hellenistic science was the city of Alexandria in Egypt, which became a major center of scientific research in the 3rd century BCE.